The Tibetan name for Sikkim is Drenjong (Wylie-transliteration: ´bras ljongs), which means “valley of rice”, while the Bhutias call it Beyul Demazong, which means “the hidden valley of rice”. The Lepcha people, the original inhabitants of Sikkim, called it Nye-mae-el, meaning “paradise”.
Enriched with amazing scenic beauty and traditional charm, Sikkim is one among the top tourism places in North East India. The long stretches of glorious mountains capped with white clouds which makes them partially invisible, the crystal clear lakes surrounded by flowery paddocks, gushing valleys carving its way through the snowy hills and scanty human civilization amidst the lush green fields, are few of its mesmerizing natural attributes that entice tourists to must visit this slice of heaven.
Sikkim is a state in northeast India, bordered by Bhutan, Tibet and Nepal. Part of the Himalayas, the area has a dramatic landscape that includes India’s highest mountain, 8,586m Kangchenjunga. Sikkim is also home to glaciers, alpine meadows and thousands of varieties of wildflowers. Steep paths lead to hilltop Buddhist monasteries such as Pemayangtse, which dates to the early 1700s.
5°C to 25°C
(March to June)
5°C to 20°C
(July – September)
-7°C to 5°C
(October – February)
Places to visit in East Sikkim
Tsomgo Lake is one of the most stunning places to visit in East Sikkim, at a distance of mere 38 km from the main town of Gangtok. Perched at a dizzying altitude of 12,400 ft., Tsomgo Lake, locally known as Changu Lake requires navigating a winding route that cuts through rocky mountains and narrow cliffs.
Located at an elevation of 3,753 m (12,313 ft), the lake remains frozen during the winter season. The lake surface reflects different colours with change of seasons and is held in great reverence by the local Sikkimese people.
Baba Harbhajan Mandir
Rumtek Monastery is nestled in the Rumtek District of Sikkim, located nearly 23 km away from the main town of Gangtok. Rumtek is also one of the largest and most popular monasteries of Sikkim, belonging to the Kargyu Sect of Buddhists. It also bears a striking resemblance to the famous Tsurphu Monastery of Tibet.
Reigning at an altitude of 14,140 ft., Nathula Pass, winding through eastern parts of Sikkim, used to be a part of the famous old Silk Route, the ancient trade route linking India and Tibet. It is also one of the oldest mountain passes in India, and overlooks the Indo-China border, giving you a fleeting view of the beautiful Chumbi Valley.
Nathu La is one of the three open trading border posts between China and India.Nathu La is located on the 563 km (350 mi) Old Silk Route, an offshoot of the historic Silk Road. The Old Silk Route connects Lhasa in Tibet to the plains of Bengal to the south.
Rumtek Monastery, also called the Dharmachakra Centre, is a gompa located in the Indian state of Sikkim near the capital Gangtok. It is a focal point for the sectarian tensions within the Karma Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism that characterize the Karmapa controversy.
Places to visit in North Sikkim
Believed to be a sacred lake for the Buddhists and Hindus, Gurudongmar Lake is one of the most popular tourist places in North Sikkim. Located at an altitude of 17,800 feet, the breathtaking beauty of this lake will leave you in awe of the surroundings. Have a stay at the best resorts in Sikkim and enjoy the taste of North Indian food.
Associated with a popular local legend about Guru Padmasambhava touching the waters of the lake and hence the lake not freezing in the winters, this lake is considered to have miraculous powers by the locals.
Yumthang Valley is a nature sanctuary with river, hot springs, yaks and grazing pasture on rolling meadows surrounded by the Himalayan mountains in the North Sikkim district of Sikkim state in India. It is at an elevation of 3,564 metres (11,693 ft) above msl at a distance of 150 kilometres (93 mi) from the state capital Gangtok.
Tucked beautifully in the scenic beauty of Himalayas, Lachung is one of the most beautiful places to visit in North Sikkim. Replete with a number of stunning mountains, gorgeous waterfalls, colourful orchards, Lachung should be on every traveller’s bucket list in North Sikkim.
The place has something astounding to offer whether you are looking to enjoy some romance, solitude or adventure in the lap of nature’s beauty. Surrounded by incredible scenic beauty, Lachung promises to charm you with memorable memories of this scenic hamlet away from the hustle and bustle of the cities. Attracting thousands of tourists, the exquisite beauty of Lachung is a splendid start to a glorious holiday in Sikkim.
Boasting of an idyllic landscape comprising of green pastures, wooden huts and an undeniable air of romance, Lachen is a memorable getaway in North Sikkim. With a number of notable attractions like Lachen Monastery, Green Lake, Chopta Valley etc, Lachen is an alluring tourist place in North Sikkim.
The alpine pastures and the natural beauty of Lachen mesmerise the tourists with its simplistic setting and offers a surreal getaway from the humdrum affairs of life. A treat for nature lovers and birdwatchers, Lachen is a serene village that you must visit to enjoy some astounding time with your loved ones.
Places to visit in West Sikkim
Pelling, a beautiful town in the West district of Sikkim, is becoming the second biggest tourist destination in Sikkim after Gangtok adorned by breath-taking views of the Khangchendzonga and the neighbouring peaks.
Located in the western part of Sikkim, Geyzing is a hill station famous for its natural beauty and serene and unexplored environment. Geyzing is the most ideal destination for tourists looking for a peaceful place to relax and unwind.
Places to see in South Sikkim
Surrounded by beautiful forests and majestic hills, this small but serene town is a perfect vacation spot for someone looking for a retreat in the midst of nature in its most pristine form.
Statue of Guru Rinpoche
This giant statue of Guru Rinpoche is located in Namchi and is 118 ft. in height. Guru Rinpoche’s actual name was Padmasambhava and is also known as Second Buddha.
Red Panda, the state animal of Sikkim, is also known as the Shining Cat or the Firefox Theanimal typically lives in dense forests, at elevations of 6000 to 16,000 feet,. They prefer deciduous and coniferous forests.
The weight of Red panda is between 3 to 6.2 kg. Head to body length is between 50 to 64 cm, and the length of tail is between 30 to 52 cm. The color of upper body is bright reddish-brown. They have soft and dense furs, which helps to keep it warm during the winter. The underpants and legs are dark brown or black in color. The tail is long and bushy with many alternating red and buff or yellowish rings and the soles of the feet are covered with thick
Breeding season is between January to July.
Venue : HimalayanZoologicalPark, Gangtok
Traditional Attire in Sikkims
There are different styles according to which men and women of Sikkim wear this traditional attire. For instance, men wear Bakhu with a pair of loose trousers fastened with a leather belt. Women belt this outfit over a silk blouse which is full sleeved, ethnically known as honju. Married women wear this attire in a symbolic way which showcases their marital status as well. This entire robe is called the pangden. Leather boots are also accompanied and preferred with this outfit by women as well as men.
Sikkimese Food Cuisine
Sikkimese cuisine is the traditional & Organic cuisine of Sikkim, a state of India. Sikkimese are traditionally rice eaters. Nepalese cuisine is very popular in Sikkim because Sikkim is the only state of India
Dal bhat – is a boiled rice and lentil soup with vegetable tarkari and chutney
Dhindo – Traditional Nepalese food of Sikkim
Gya thuk or Thukpa – is a noodle based soup with vegetables or meat.
Momo – stuffing minced meat, vegetables or cheese in flour dough and then making them into dumplings.
Phagshapa – is strip of pork fat stewed with radishes and dried chillies
Sha Phaley – bread stuffed with seasoned beef and cabbage.
Thukpa-noodle soup with vegetables
Gundruk and Sinki are two of the few well known vegetarian dishes of Sikkim. They are soups that are prepared generally during winters when vegetables growth is at its maximum. Gundruk is prepared using leaves of mustard or spinach but Sinki is made just of radish tap root only. Radish is made to ferment, keeping or burying it inside the soil and keeping it for a week or two, wrapped inside a plastic bag, which gives a sour taste later with an ethnic Nepali majority.
Flower Exhibition Centre in Gangtok
A beautiful tropical greenhouse, the Flower Exhibition Centre in Gangtok is a paradise for plant lovers. The location is a beautiful stretch of green and is an absolute treat to the eyes.
This is also the venue of the famous Sikkim Flower Show, usually held around March, when the orchids around the region are in full bloom. People from around the country especially travel to Sikkim around this time to attend this colourful event.
Venue : Extras Ridge Park, Gangtok
Shopping in Gangtok
Gangtok is recognised as the delightful shopping destination, the city is popular for its diverse of the culture Gangtok shopping Malls, or at the Gangtok Lal Bazaror in other hand Kanchenjunga shopping Complex there you can get lots traditional or modern and most the things which represent the Gangtok Speciality like:
- Canvas and wall hanging
- Tibetan Carpets Dragon sets with gold polish.
- Sikkim tea
- Alpine cheese
- Black cardamom
- Fresh bamboo shoots
- Hand-woven jackets
- Jams and Juices
- Sikkim Liquor & Liqueurs